5 Points to Consider while First-time Traveling in India

This post is all about the five points that a traveler should put under consideration while traveling in India for the first time.

If you are visiting India for the first time, then let me warn you, this country is so different that you either going to hate it or love it. There is nothing in between.

Before we move further, let me first tell you that this post is the part of our travel series – ‘All About Smooth Travel’

Check out our all the posts in the series here:

Here, the 5 points that a traveler should put under consideration while traveling in India for the first time are given:

Follow Legal Compliances

First and foremost is to follow all the legal compliances. Though not following them is not going to kill you but it may ruin your fun.

While traveling, some of us have the habit to put all the documents in the bag and put that in the place where we are residing in. But in India, I suggest, you should carry your Indian visa and your respective country passport with you while you are traveling within the country.

Make sure that your passport is valid for at least six months from beyond stay in the country. Also, your passport should have at least two empty pages for Indian visa stamps.

A person while coming into India from abroad, can bring with him foreign exchange without any limit. However, if the foreign currency notes or traveler cheques exceed US$ 10,000/- or its equivalent and/or the value of the foreign currency exceeds US$ 5,000/- or its equivalent, it should be declared to the Customs Authorities at the Airport in the Currency Declaration Form (CDF). (updated as on 09-05-2019)

A person while leaving India, can take out with him Indian currency notes, up to ₹ 5,000/- to any country other than Nepal and Bhutan and any amount in denomination not exceeding ₹ 100 to Nepal or Bhutan. (updated as on 09-05-2019)

And also, when you are in India, and buy some stuff, make sure that in the bill they charged IGST instead of CGST and SGST. While leaving the country, this will help you to get the GST refund smoothly that you have paid so far.

Make sure to do Haggling

If you are a foreign tourist and wants to buy some stuff, then you must know how to haggle in India when you shop. The one thing you need to understand is that for Indian shopkeeper a foreigner means deemed rich guy. I have already explained this in our fourth post of travel series.

Indian shopkeepers have two prices in mind for a particular item, one is called as the ‘Price for Indian or Native People’ and the other one is called as the ‘Price for foreigners’. Trust me, they can quote you 3x, 5x, 7x or even the 10x of the price they charge from the Indians for the same stuff.

That’s Insane, right!!! That is the main reason why you should know how to negotiate with the Indian shopkeepers.

Before starting the negotiation, keep in the mind, that you can get the particular item for less than the half of the initial price quoted by the shopkeeper or sometimes even for a quarter of it. Like, if he initially quotes
₹ 1,000/- for something, then you should say, about ₹ 400/-.

Understand this, that as he is also a businessman, after seeing you that you are a foreigner, he has already increased his profit margin significantly.

Don’t act too be excited even if you are dying to buy it. Also, they can try to convince you emotionally, like, “I have a Poor family, I have to take care of them”. Don’t fall for it, and show disinterest in buying the same at that price, he will eventually reduce the price.

Warning: Spicy Food Ahead

‘Indian food is spicy’, yes, that’s true, but from a foreigner perspective. Indians usually have the habit of eating spicy food. If you are from a country that consumes fewer spices like Spain, Greece, etc. and eating the Indian food for the first time, then yeah, it’s going to be a bit spicy for you.

It is good to know about your enemy and then to fight him, right!!! Did you ever wonder why the chilies perceive so spicy and hot to us? Actually, it is because it has a chemical called capsaicin in it.

Capsaicin enters our bloodstream, significantly convince our brain that our body temperature is rising and that’s why we freak out.

So, what you should do to get the relief from eating spicy food. The answer is Milk. Yes, you read it right, Milk. Milk contains a protein called Casein. Casein molecules help to clear the Capsaicin molecules from the nerve receptors of your mouth and provide instant relief.

Other milk-based products also can help you with this. Other things like drinking alcohol, eating sugar, cooking food with olive oil, etc. also helps.

Be Prepared, Indians are Time-Insensitive

Respect Your Time. In India, everybody knows it, but they don’t do it. In fact, you can say that punctuality and Indians are the two sides of the same coin. I know I am a bit harsh, but sorry, it is the truth. In India, people take their and others time lightly unlike the west.

Now, you might be thinking, so what? How it is going to affect our trip? And I am going to reply, just wait for it. You will understand this.

Actually, you have to face this reality everywhere and that is the main issue. Starting from paperwork, bus and train schedules to meeting with friends.

You can find yourself waiting for your Indian friends for half an hour even when they promise to join you in five minutes. Also, generally the buses don’t follow the time schedule. The bus that should depart at 8 AM may leave around 8:45 AM etc.

You need to have patience and be a tolerable person for all of it. In fact, if you want to learn patience, just do one thing, visit India. I am not saying all are like this, but yes mostly are. So, be prepared for it. Having a good margin of time for your trip too can help.

Planning and Visiting time are Important

Planning, I have already covered this point in ‘Pre Plan your Trip and Wearing Outfits’ in the first post of the travel series. India is a subcontinent with great diversity – from the snow at Himalayan mountains to tropical beaches of Goa to Trisea at Kanyakumari.

Planning your trip is very important if you are visiting a country like India. India does have so many places to visit that will surely excite you as a traveler. But, if you are a first time visitor, then I suggest you should visit either India’s Golden Triangle, Kerala or Goa.

In India, weather is quite different at times in the various regions. However, overall the best time to visit India is the winter season. It usually starts in mid-October and till the first week of March. During this period you can also enjoy many festivals like Diwali, Christmas, Holi, and so on.


India’s Golden Triangle

This post is about what is India’s Golden Triangle, why it is famous amongst the tourists and what is the best time to visit it.

What is India’s Golden Triangle?

India’s Golden Triangle is a tourist itinerary which connects the national capital Delhi, Agra and pink city, Jaipur. A visit to these three palaces is known as the Golden Triangle because these locations together form a triangle on the map.

Generally, tourist prefers to start there Golden Triangle circuit with the exploration of the national capital. They usually visit the Mughal Era structures or ancient places with national and architectural significance. It includes but not limited to Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Humayun Tomb, Chandni Chowk, India Gate, Connaught Palace, and many others.

Then they travel to Agra to visit the beautiful Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, and others.

Last but not the least they visit the capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur. Here, they visit the ancient forts, palaces, markets, and others. They usually go to Amer Fort, Nahargarh Fort, Hawa Mahal, Jal Mahal, Jantar Mantar, Birla Temple, Albert Hall Museum, World Trade Park and many others.

However, nowadays, the tourists do not limit themselves with just a visit to the Golden Triangle. In order to add flash to it, they add one or more destination to it which depends from tourist to tourist. Like some prefer a tour to Golden Triangle with Goa, some prefer it with Kerala or some with Ladakh.

Why It is famous?

It is quite popular amongst the tourists because of the following reasons:

Connectivity – The Golden Triangle is a great tourist circuit mainly because of its connectivity. The circuit is by road about 720 km long in which all the destinations are just about 240 km away from each other. Since the Golden Triangle is connected with a 6-lane highway hence it does not have any off the beaten route. The circuit is also well connected with super-fast trains and by the aerial route which makes it sweeter.

Even if you are a solo traveler this route is great for you. No matter when you are visiting these destinations, you will always be surrounded by a lot of tourists which makes it safer for you.

Unique Destinations – All the three destinations have a unique culture, different architectural design, even also have separate food cuisines. Since Delhi, Agra, and Jaipur were ruled by different rulers from time to time. Hence, you can enjoy three different dynasties in a single trip. And, the best part is due to such diversity, you will not get bored.

Some people prefer to visit only the UNESCO world heritage sites or 7 wonders of the world. Well in Agra, Taj Mahal is among the 7 wonders of the world. Also, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri are amongst the UNESCO world heritage sites.

In Jaipur, Amber Fort is a UNESCO world heritage site. And in Delhi, Red Fort, Qutub Minar, and Humayun’s tomb are also amongst the UNESCO world heritage sites. So, when tourists visit the Golden Triangle they also cover these sites in their visit list too.

Best time to Visit

If you visit a place at the right time on the calendar, then you can make your stay more memorable. So, you might be thinking what is the best time to visit the Golden Triangle.

Generally, tourists choose to visit the Golden Triangle in India in the winter season. Usually, the winter season starts in mid-October and till the first week of March. Delhi, Agra, and Jaipur can be freezing cold due to Himalayan cold wind influence especially during mid-December till the end of February.

But, trust me on this, it is far better than the summer season when the temperature is about 50°C that can scorch you. During the winter season, you can also enjoy many festivals like Diwali, Christmas, Holi and so on.

Read some of our post regarding the palaces of the Golden Triangle:


What is GST (Goods and Services Tax) in India?

This post explain what is GST (Goods and Services Tax) in India, its benefit, what type of taxes are levied, different tax rates and role play by GSTN.

GST is a destination based consumption tax levied by the Government of the supply of goods or services. It is an indirect tax which allows a comprehensive and continuous chain of tax credits from the producer’s/service provider’s stage up to the retailer’s/consumer’s stage. Thus, taxing only the value addition at each stage of the supply chain.

Also Read : Guide on Reverse Charge under GST

Benefits of GST

The implementation of GST in India include the following benefits:

  • Reduction in Multiple Taxes
  • Mitigation of Cascading Effect
  • Reduction in Double Taxation

  • Buoyancy to the Government Revenue
  • Make National Products more Competitive
  • Uniformity in Procedures and Provisions

Also Read : GST on Blogger’s Earnings from WordAds or AdSense

Type of Taxes under GST

There are 3 taxes that are levied under gst which are as follows:

  • CGST: This tax is paid to the Central Government on the intra-state supply (i.e. supply of goods within the state)
  • SGST: This tax is paid to the State Government on the intra-state supply (just like CGST)
  • IGST: This tax is paid to the Central Government on the inter-state supply (i.e. supply of goods from one state to another)

Tax Structure under GST

In most cases, the tax structure under gst shall be as follows:

Basis GST will be applicable on Description
Goods / Services All Goods and Services (other than 5 petroleum products and Alcoholic Liquor for Human Consumption)
Intra – State Supply SGST + CGST Both the Central and State govt. shall equally shares the tax amount
Inter – State Supply IGST Central will first receive the whole tax and then will equally share it with the govt. of destination state.

Simple Example to understand the difference between the three –

Let say, a dealer in Delhi had sold goods worth Rs. 40,000/- to another dealer in Gujarat. The tax rate on the same is 18%.

In this case, Delhi’ s dealer has to additionally collect Rs. 40,000 x 18% = Rs. 7,200/- as the IGST from Gujarat’s dealer.

Now, let say, dealer in Delhi sold the same goods to another dealer within Delhi.

Delhi’s dealer now has to collect CGST and SGST of Rs. 40,000 x 9% = 3,600/- each from the another dealer.

Tax Rates under GST

Since its implementation from 1st July 2017, gst has different tax rates which are as follows:

0%, 0.25%, 3%, 5%, 12%, 18%, and 28% tax rate are applied in gst on the different goods and services.

Out of which 0% tax rate is generally on the goods or services on which is a necessity for the survival, or in the public interest not to tax them. However, goods or services under this list can be shifted to the higher brackets.

28% tax rate is for the luxuries or sinful goods or services.

Rest of the tax rates are as per the consumption power or requirement of the particular industry.

How to Calculate GST?

Taxable Value is a value on which tax is to be charged and an Invoice Value is a Total Value.

  • Invoice Value = Taxable Value + GST Amount

Case 1 – Ascertain Invoice Value from the Taxable Value

If we already know the Taxable Value, then in order to ascertain Invoice Value we need to find out GST Amount.

It can be ascertain by the following formula,

  • GST Amount = Taxable Value x GST Rate

So, GST Amount in case of,

  • Intra State Supply – GST Amount = Taxable Value x (CGST Rate + SGST Rate)
  • Inter-State SupplyGST Amount = Taxable Value x IGST Rate

Case 2 – Ascertain Taxable Value from the Invoice Value

If we know the Invoice Value, then we can find out Taxable Value by the following formula,

  • Taxable Value = {Invoice Value/(100+GST Rate)} x 100

So, Taxable Value in case of,

  • Intra State Supply –
    Taxable Value = {Invoice Value/(100+CGST Rate+SGST Rate)} x 100
  • Inter-State Supply
    Taxable Value = {Invoice Value/(100+IGST Rate)} x 100 

Also Read : What is Foreign Inward Remittance Certificate (FIRC)?

What is GSTN?

Goods and Services Network (GSTN) is basically a special purpose vehicle which has been set up to facilitate a shared IT infrastructure to different stakeholders. GSTN help to provide services to the Central and State Government, taxpayers and other stakeholders.

The functions of the GSTN, inter alia, include:

  • Facilitating GST registration of different stakeholders,
  • Forwarding the filed GST returns to Central and State authorities,
  • Computation and Settlement of IGST among Central and State governments,
  • Running the matching engine for matching, reclaim, or even reversal of Input Tax Credit, and
  • Providing various MIS reports to the central and state governments based on the taxpayers return information.

Guide on Reverse Charge under GST

This post is all about the provisions of applicability, Time of Supply, Compliances like registration, Invoicing and ITC under Reverse Charge Mechanism.

Basics of Reverse Charge

In GST, generally, the supplier of the goods or service is liable to collect the tax on supply from the receiver on behalf of the government. He shall also be liable to pay the same to the government by the specified date.

However, in case of a reverse charge, the receiver of the goods or service becomes liable to pay the tax on supply to the government.

Here, I will discuss the legal provisions regarding the applicability of reverse charge.

Also Read : What is Foreign Inward Remittance Certificate (FIRC)?

Applicability of Reverse Charge

Applicable Legal Provisions

As per section 9(3) of the CGST Act, 2017, the Government may, on the recommendations of the Council, specify categories of supply of goods or services or both by notification on which the tax shall be paid on reverse charge basis by the recipient of such goods or services or both.

According to section 9(4) of the CGST Act, 2017, tax in respect of the supply of taxable goods or services or both by an unregistered supplier, to a registered person, shall be paid by such registered person on a reverse charge basis.

As per Notification No. 22/2018 dated 6th August 2018, the applicability of the provisions of the principal Notification No. 8/2017 dated 28th June 2017, regarding the applicability of the reverse charge in case of supply of taxable goods or services by an unregistered supplier to a registered person where the aggregate value is more than 5,000 rupees in a day has been deferred till 30.09.2019.

Understanding the Legal Provisions

According to the aforesaid provisions, Reverse Charge is applicable on the 2 following cases:

Case A: Supply of certain goods or specified services published in the Official Gazette by the issue of notification

The CBIC has issued a list of Goods and Services on which reverse charge is applicable.

Also Read: List of Goods and Services on which Reverse Charge is Applicable

Case B: Supply of taxable goods or services or both by an unregistered supplier, to a registered person

The applicability of the provision of reverse charge, in this case, has been deferred till 30.09.2019.

E-Commerce Operator

Many E-Commerce Operator has the confusion regarding the applicability of reverse charge. Let us now examine the same.

Applicable Legal Provisions

As per section 9(5) of the CGST Act, 2017, the Government may, on the recommendations of the Council, specify categories of services by notification on intra-State supplies of which the tax shall be paid by the electronic commerce operator if such services are supplied through it.

Provided that where an electronic commerce operator does not have a physical presence in the taxable territory then representative shall be liable to pay the tax. In case, there is no representative in the said territory, then such electronic commerce operator shall have to appoint a person for the purpose of paying tax and such person shall be liable to pay tax.

Understanding the Legal Provisions

The Government has specified certain services on which tax is to be paid by the e-commerce operator. These services are provided as follows –

  • Transportation of Passengers by Radio-taxi, Motor-cab, Maxi cab and Motor Cycle
  • Services of Short Term Accommodation
  • Services by way of housekeeping, such as plumbing, carpentering and etc

One has to note that, in this case, since the E-Commerce operator is neither the supplier nor the receiver of service. He is only providing intermediary services through its platform which connects the supplier and the recipient.

For Example, Uber through its E-Commerce platform provides the service of transportation of passengers by Cab. Uber is neither the supplier, in this case, the driver, nor the receiver of service, in this case, passenger. Now, Uber has to collect the tax from passenger and pay it to the government.

Hence, the tax paid by the e-commerce operator on behalf of the supplier is not covered under reverse charge mechanism.

Time of Supply under RCM

Applicable Legal Provisions

As per section 12(3) of the CGST Act, 2017, in case of supply of goods on which tax is paid on a reverse charge basis, the time of supply shall be the earliest of the following dates, namely

(a) the date of the receipt of goods, or

(b) the date of payment in the books of account or the date on which payment is debited in the bank account of the recipient, whichever is earlier, or

(c) the date immediately following thirty days from the date of issue of invoice or any other document,

Provided that where it is not possible to determine the time of supply under clause (a) or clause (b) or clause (c), the time of supply shall be the date of entry in the books of account of the recipient of the supply.

As per section 13(3) of the CGST Act, 2017, in case of supply of services on which tax is paid on a reverse charge basis, the time of supply shall be the earlier of the following dates, namely

(a) the date of payment in the books of account or the date on which the payment is debited in the bank account of the recipient, whichever is earlier, or

(b) the date immediately following sixty days from the date of issue of invoice or any other document,

Provided that where it is not possible to determine the time of supply under clause (a) or clause (b), the time of supply shall be the date of entry in the books of account of the recipient of supply.

Also Read : GST on Blogger’s Earnings from WordAds or AdSense

Understanding the Legal Provisions

Let us take a simple example to understand the aforesaid provisions.

In Case of Goods,

  • Date of Payment – 13th Aug 2018
  • Invoice Date – 5th July 2018
  • Date of Entry in books by recipient – 14th Aug 2018
  • Date of receipt of goods – 18th Aug 2018

In this case, the time of supply shall be 5th Aug 2018

In Case of Services,

  • Date of Payment – 13th Oct 2018
  • Invoice Date – 5th July 2018
  • Date of Entry in books by recipient – 14th Oct 2018

In this case, the time of supply shall be 4th Sept 2018

Compliances under RCM

Registration Requirement

Applicable Legal Provisions

As per section 24 of the CGST Act, 2017, notwithstanding anything contained in sub section (1) of section 22, persons how are required to pay tax under reverse charge, shall be required to registered under this act.

Understanding the Legal Provisions

Any person who is required to pay tax under reverse charge has to compulsorily register under GST right from the start. That is to say, irrespective of the threshold limit of 20 or 40 lakhs, or 10 lakhs in case of some special category states.

Invoicing and ITC under RCM

Applicable Legal Provisions

As per section 31(3)(f) of the CGST Act, 2017, a registered person who is liable to pay tax under section 9(3) or 9(4) shall issue an invoice in respect of goods or services or both received by him from the supplier who is not registered on the date of receipt of goods or services or both. The invoice issue in this regard shall be subject to rule 46 of the CGST Rules, 2017.

According to section 31(3)(g) of the CGST Act, 2017, a registered person who is liable to pay tax under section 9(3) or 9(4) shall issue a payment voucher at the time of making payment to the supplier.

As per the second proviso of rule 46 of CGST Rules, 2017, where an invoice is required to be issued as per section 31(3)(f), a registered person may issue a consolidated invoice at the end of a month for supplies covered under section 9(4) the aggregate value of such supplies exceeds rupees five thousand in a day from any or all the suppliers.

According to rule 36 of the CGST Rules, 2017, The input tax credit shall be availed by a registered person, on the basis of an invoice issued in accordance with the provisions of section 31(3)(f), subject to the payment of tax.

Understanding the Legal Provisions

Invoicing is to be done by the receiver himself if the goods or services fall under reverse charge, and he purchased the same from an unregistered supplier.

One has to note that the provision regarding the issue of consolidated invoice at the end of the month has been deferred till 30.09.2019.

Self Invoicing is to be done because the supplier is unregistered. Therefore, he cannot issue a GST compliant invoice. And, thus recipient becomes liable to pay taxes on their behalf.

Also, in case of a reverse charge, the Input tax credit can be availed and utilized by the recipient on the basis of the invoice issued but after the payment of tax. Any amount payable shall be paid by debiting the electronic cash ledger i.e. to be paid in cash.

Details regarding all the invoices issued in respect of supplies attracting a reverse charge, to be furnished separately in table 4B of GSTR-1.

Also Read : What is GST (Goods and Services Tax) in India?

Disclaimer

The materials available on this website are for informational purposes only and not for the purpose of providing legal advice. You should contact your legal adviser to obtain advice with respect to any particular issue or problem. Every effort has been made to avoid errors or omissions in this publication. In spite of this, errors may creep in. The opinions expressed at or through this website are merely the opinions of the individual author. It is noted that neither the Admin nor the Individual authors are responsible for any loss, damage of action to anyone, of any kind, in any manner, therefrom. It is suggested that to avoid any doubt the reader should cross-check all the facts, law and contents of the publication with original Government publication or notification in this regard.


A Visit to Red Fort

This Post is all about my visit to the Red Fort which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and situated in Chandni Chowk, Delhi.

Red Fort is a historic fort situated in Chandni Chowk, Delhi. Being built by the Mughal Emporer Shah Jahan, Red Fort remained as the main residence of the Mughal dynasty for almost 200 years. The decision to construct Red Fort was taken by Shah Jahan in 1638 when he shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi. It took 10 years to finally complete the construction of this fort.

Also Read: A Guide to Chandni Chowk in Delhi | Where to go for Whom?

Earlier being known as Quila-E-Mubarak (Blessed Fort) by the local people, Red Fort is today a UNESCO World Heritage site. It attracts thousands of visitors every year.

We went to visit this fort at 1:00 PM. For visiting the fort, we bought the entrance token, which one has to keep for the exit too.

Meena-Bazaar-at-Red-Fort
View of Meena Bazaar

Meena Bazaar

After the security check, we entered the Meena Bazaar in the fort. Meena Bazaar has near about 40 shops selling embroidered bags, carpets, artificial jewelry, Indian lehngas and much more. In the Mughal Era, Meena Bazaar was only for the women in the harem, Rajput ladies and the ladies of the noblemen.

This was only for the purpose of joy, entertainment, and charity. At that time, it was also known by the name Bazaar-I-Musaqqaf or Chatta Chowk (Covered Bazaar). The notion of this bazaar was stimulated by the one, Shah Jahan saw in Peshawar (now in Pakistan). During Shah Jahan’s time, there were shops on both the upper and lower levels, but today it is open at the lower level only.

British -Cottages-at-Red-Fort
A snap with British cottages

Also Read : 5 Unforgettable Moments in Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin)

As we move forward after exploring Meena Bazaar, there comes bungalows and cottages which were earlier made and used by Britishers during the 18th century and later used by Indian Army. The inner and the outer court are separated by the huge entrance gate called Naubat Khana.

Naubat Khana

Naubat Khana is basically a drum house, which was used to play the music during the Mughal Era. From here, the musicians used to play Nagadas, Shahnais and various other instruments to inform the arrival of the emperor and other dignitaries.

There was a tradition that everyone except the royal blood had to leave their elephants or horses at this place, in order to further enter into the inner complex of the fort. Naubat Khana was made with red sandstone and covered with white plaster. It has blooming floral designs on the walls, which was originally highlighted with gold.

One should note that opposite to the Taj Mahal in Agra, here all the designs on the back side of the house have the cherished flowers. It is probably due to the fact that King used to stay in this place. I am only guessing!!

Diwan-I-Aam-at-Red-Fort
View of Diwan-I-Aam

Diwan-I-Aam

Diwan-I-Aam ( Hall for Public Audience) is an open hall which has nine front-facing engrailed arches. This is the hall where Shah Jahan used to meet the general public and resolve their grievances. Apart from this, he also used to pass the judgments and grants related to the matters of the daily administration of his empire.

In the middle, this hall has a white throne where Shah Jahan used to sit.
The throne was also referred to as Nashiman-i-Zil-i-Ilahi or ‘the seat of the shadow of God’. Nowadays, the same is covered with a boundary of transparent glass probably to save it from dust and from the visitors that may touch the same otherwise.  

Nashiman-I-Zil-I-Ilahi-covered-with-Glass
Nashiman-I-Zil-I-Ilahi covered with Glass

Also Read: A Day Trip in Agra | Taj Mahal and Agra Fort

I thought that its time to break the glass, sit on the throne and rule the people of India. I was like its that easy to rule India, you just have to break the glass. Then I got a strike in my head, idiot!! India is an Independent Country. India is already free from the rulers about years ago. But honestly, just imagine you have a private fort with an army. it feels good, right!!

After this, we went ahead. Earlier, beyond this, it was a private area where the general public is not allowed to enter.

Diwan-I-Khas-at-Red-Fort
View of Diwan-I-Khas

Diwan-I-Khas

Diwan-I-Khas (Hall of Private Audience), like Diwan-I-Aam, is also an open hall but with front-facing five arches. In this hall, Shah Jahan used to meet his ministers having high ranks, honorable guests and other important people.

In the Mughal Era, the main attraction of this place was the famous “Peacock Throne” which was entirely made up gold and also have rubies, gems, and emeralds of different shapes and sizes. Shah Jahan used to sit on this throne with a ring having attention grabbing Kohinoor diamond in it.

After the invasion by Persian Emporer Nadir Shah 1739, the original Peacock Throne was taken by him as the war trophy. Afterward, a replacement of the throne was commissioned, which remained until the 1857 Indian Rebellion. Nowadays, you can say that it just has the leftover.

Shubham-Jain-at-Red-Fort

Also Read : A Solo Travel to Pink City | Jaipur

Other Attractions

Rang Mahal – Rang Mahal in English means ‘Palace of Colours’. During the Mughal Era, it was used as residence of the Emperor’s wives and mistresses. In the center, it has a shallow canal which is known as Nahr-I-Bihisht. Under the palace, there is a basement which where used by the royal women to cool down during the hot summer days.

Khas Mahal – During Mughal Era, Khas Mahal was used as the Emperor’s private residence. It has three parts, namely, the chamber of telling beads, sitting room and the sleeping chamber. Khas Mahal is connected to an octagonal tower namely, Muthamman Burj, from where the Emperor used to address the people.

Mumtaz Mahal – In Mughal Era, Mumtaz Mahal was the part of women’s quarter or Zenana. Many queens used to live there and in several other buildings which were later destroyed by the Britishers. During British rule, the same was used as a prison camp. Now, the Red Fort Archaelogical Museum is situated here.

Moti Masjid – Moti Masjid in English means ‘Pearl Mosque’. It is a white marble mosque built by Aurangzeb for his second wife Nawab Bai. The main prayer hall has the three arches which are divided into two aisles.

Apart from all this, you can also see the Light and Sound Show which is of around 1-hour and showcases the history of Delhi and Red Fort. Every year on the Independence Day of India, the Prime Minister hoists the National Flag at the main gate and delivers a speech from its ramparts. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations and attracts thousands of visitors every year.